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After this second marriage, Kartini's father was elevated to Regency Chief of Jepara, replacing his second wife's own father, Tjitrowikromo.

She took an interest in mysticism and opposed polygamy.Books, newspapers and European magazines fed Kartini's interest in European feminist thinking, and fostered the desire to improve the conditions of indigenous Indonesian women, who at that time had a very low social status. The book was titled Door Duisternis tot Licht (Out of Dark Comes Light) and was published in 1911. It is known from her letters dated October 1902 to Abendanon and her husband that at the age of 23, Raden Adjeng Kartini had a mind to live a vegetarian life. She also quoted, "Living a life as vegetarian is a wordless prayer to the Almighty." R. Kartini loved her father deeply, although it is clear that her deep affection for him became yet another obstacle to the realization of her ambitions. Kartini wrote that the plan had been abandoned because she was going to be married ..."In short, I no longer desire to take advantage of this opportunity, because I am to be married..". A society named for her was also established in the Netherlands.Kartini's reading included the Semarang newspaper De Locomotief, edited by Pieter Brooshooft, as well as leestrommel, a set of magazines circulated by bookshops to subscribers. In contrast, those who recognise the significance of R. Kartini argue that not only was she a feminist who elevated the status of women in Indonesia, she was also a nationalist figure, with new ideas, who struggled on behalf of her people and played a role in the national struggle for independence. It went through five editions, with some additional letters included in the final edition, and was translated into English by Agnes L. Kartini's letters, written by a native Javanese woman, attracted great interest in the Netherlands and Kartini's ideas began to change the way the Dutch viewed native women in Java. "It has been for sometime that we are thinking to do it (to be a vegetarian), I have even eaten only vegetables for years now, but I still don't have enough moral courage to carry on. He was progressive enough to allow his daughters schooling until the age of twelve, but at that point firmly closed the door to further schooling. This was despite the fact that for its part, the Dutch Education Department had finally given permission for R. Her advocacy for the education of girls was continued by her sisters.Kartini was born into an aristocratic Javanese family when Java was part of the Dutch colony of the Dutch East Indies.Kartini's family allowed her to attend school until she was 12 years old.

Here, among other subjects, she learnt to speak Dutch, an unusual accomplishment for Javanese women at the time.

Kartini's father was more lenient than some during his daughter's seclusion, giving her such privileges as embroidery lessons and occasional appearances in public for special events. She wanted women to have the freedom to learn and study. These ideas were all based on Religieusiteit, Wijsheid en Schoonheid, that is, belief in God, wisdom, and beauty, along with Humanitarianisme (humanitarianism) and Nationalisme (nationalism). Kartini's attitude towards Javanese traditional customs began to change. She began to feel that her marriage would bring good fortune for her ambition to develop a school for native women.

During her seclusion, Kartini continued to educate herself on her own. Kartini's book was published at a time when the Dutch Colonial Government were implementing Dutch Ethical Policy in the Dutch East Indies, and Abendanon was one of the most prominent supporters of this policy. Kartini's letters also expressed her hopes for support from overseas. In her letters, she mentioned that not only did her esteemed husband support her desire to develop the woodcarving industry in Jepara and the school for native women, but she also mentioned that she was going to write a book.

Kartini (21 April 1879 – 17 September 1904), sometimes known as Raden Ayu Kartini, was a prominent Indonesian national heroine from Java.

She was also a pioneer in the area of education for girls and women's rights for Indonesians.

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