100 and and and jewish and dating
Deportees returned to the Samaria after the Neo-Babylonian Empire was in turn conquered by Cyrus the Great.The biblical book of Ezra includes two texts said to be decrees allowing the deported Jews to return to their homeland after decades and ordering the Temple rebuilt.
The Greek word διασπορά (dispersion) first appears in Ancient Greek in Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War.In 6 CE the region was organized as the Roman province of Judea, but the Judean population revolted against the Roman Empire in 66 CE during the period known as the First Jewish–Roman War which culminated in the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.During the siege, the Romans destroyed the Second Temple and most of Jerusalem.The differences in content and tone of the two decrees, one in Hebrew and one in Aramaic, have caused some scholars to question their authenticity.The Cyrus Cylinder, an ancient tablet on which is written a declaration in the name of Cyrus referring to restoration of temples and repatriation of exiled peoples, has often been taken as corroboration of the authenticity of the biblical decrees attributed to Cyrus, Professor Lester L Grabbe asserted that the "alleged decree of Cyrus" regarding Judah, "cannot be considered authentic", but that there was a "general policy of allowing deportees to return and to re-establish cult sites".In 135 CE, Hadrian's army defeated the Jewish armies and Jewish independence was lost.
As punishment, Hadrian exiled more Jews, and forbade the Jews from living in their capital.
During the Middle Ages, due to increasing geographical dispersion and re-settlement, Jews divided into distinct regional groups which today are generally addressed according to two primary geographical groupings: the Ashkenazi of Northern and Eastern Europe, and the Sephardic Jews of Iberia (Spain and Portugal), North Africa and the Middle East.
These groups have parallel histories sharing many cultural similarities as well as a series of massacres, persecutions and expulsions, such as the expulsion from Spain in 1492, the expulsion from England in 1290, and the expulsion from Arab countries in 1948–1973.
This event marked the beginning of the Roman exile, also called Edom exile.
Jewish leaders and elite were exiled from the land, killed, or taken to Rome as slaves.
Rubenstein Museum of Science and Technology, 500 S. Event Chair, Rebecca Bronfein Raphael said, “Andy Weinberg...