Misrepresentation in online dating profiles
It also forms a vital part of psychological warfare in denial and deception.
Deception and its detection is a complex, fluid, and cognitive process that is based on the context of the message exchange.Deception is the act of propagating a belief that is not true, or is not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission).Deception can involve dissimulation, propaganda, and sleight of hand, as well as distraction, camouflage, or concealment. It can also be called, with varying subjective implications, beguilement, deceit, bluff, mystification, ruse, or subterfuge.In fact, sunflower oil is relatively low in omega-3 fatty acids and is not particularly good for brain health, so while this claim is technically true, it leads the receiver to infer false information.Deception itself is intentionally managing verbal or nonverbal messages so that the message receiver will believe in a way that the message sender knows is false. Intent differentiates between deception and an honest mistake.Vocal cues such as frequency height and variation may also provide meaningful clues to deceit.
Fear specifically causes heightened arousal in liars, which manifests in more frequent blinking, pupil dilation, speech disturbances, and a higher pitched voice.
A significant amount of deception occurs between some romantic and relational partners.
Deceit and dishonesty can also form grounds for civil litigation in tort, or contract law (where it is known as misrepresentation or fraudulent misrepresentation if deliberate), or give rise to criminal prosecution for fraud.
Examples of deception range from false statements to misleading claims in which relevant information is omitted, leading the receiver to infer false conclusions.
For example, a claim that 'sunflower oil is beneficial to brain health due to the presence of omega-3 fatty acids' may be misleading, as it leads the receiver to believe sunflower oil will benefit brain health more so than other foods.
There are, however, some nonverbal behaviors that have been found to be correlated with deception.